welding symbols
28 October 2021



Elements of  Welding Symbols: The first concepts the Welding Inspector must understand very well, are the welding symbols and how to interpret them on drawings. The reference line of the welding symbol, as shown below, is used to designate the type of weld to be…
Hardness testing machine
19 October 2021


Hardness Testing

 Hardness Testing: Hardness is the resistance of a material to localized deformation. The term can apply to deformation from indentation, scratching, cutting or bending. In metals, ceramics and most polymers, the deformation considered is plastic deformation of the surface. For elastomers and some polymers, hardness is…
welding procedure
12 October 2021


Welding of Stainless Steels

Welding of Stainless Steels: General Concepts: Stainless steels, resumed here in a general way, are defined as steel alloys, where the chromium content ranges from 10.5% to 30%. There are five distinct types of stainless steel: